Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Kaka Kalelkar on Reservation of jobs in Government Services


        “Services are not meant for the servants but for the service of the society as a whole”.   Kaka Kalelkar

In 1955, Kaka Kalelkar, Chairman of the First Central backward Class Commission,  in his note of dissent, expressed his views on the issue of Reservation in class I, II, III and IV Services of of Government of India. It was primarily for the uplift of weaker sections of society.

 Demand for national solidarity – According to him, “National solidarity in a democratic set up demands Government to recognize only two ends – the individual at one end and the nation as a whole at the other. Nothing should be encouraged to organize itself in between these two ends to the detriment of the freedom of the individual and solidarity of the nation. All communal and denominational organizations and groupings of lesser and narrower units have to be watched carefully, so that they do not jeopardize the national solidarity and do not weaken the efforts of the nation to serve the various elements in the body politic with equity. Mutual help, mutual respect and mutual trust are the touchstone, on which all communal and denominational activities will be tested and anything that undermines it, will be expected and brought to book.” ….“Communalism and casteism are bound to destroy the unity of the nation and narrow down the aspiration of our people”i

” The special concessions and privileges accorded to Hindu castes acted as a bait and bribe inciting Muslim and Christian Society to revert to caste and caste prejudices and the healthy social effect by Islam and Christianity were thus rendered null and void.” (Para iv)

When to bestow special concessions? – In his note of dissent, Kaka clarifies that “It is only when a community is proved to be working  under a special handicap and is not allowed to freely function as a citizen, that the state may intervene and make a special provision for the advancement of such under-priveleged and handicapped communities or persons… A general formula for helping all persons to whatever caste or community, they may belong, should be made.” (Para viii)It is not enough to prove that one community is regarded inferior by another.The Christian may look down the Jews and the Jews may retaliate with the same feelings. The Brahmins may regard Banias as inferior and the Bania, in his turn, may regard the Brahmin as a mere social dependent. Such opinions and prejudices do not come in the way of the full growth of the backward communities either educationally or economically….. It is for them to make necessary efforts for their prosperity. They will naturally receive whatever help is available to all citizens.” (Para vii and viii)

Views on caste structure – “We are not blind to the good intentions and wisdom of our ancestors, who built the caste structure. It was perhaps the only way, through which they could teach the nation to forget and rise above racial clan-ship, tribal and similar biological groupings of society and to accept a workable arrangement of social existence based on cultural hierarchy and occupational self-government.” iii

Contribution of ‘Upper Classes’ in uplift of weaker sections – He said “It would be well, if representatives of the Backward classes remembered that whatever good they find in the Constitution and the liberal policy of the Government, is the result of the awakened conscience of the upper classes themselves. Whatever Government is doing by way of atonement is readily accepted and acclaimed by the nation as a whole. The upper classes have contributed their share in formulating the policies of the Government Removal of untouchability, establishment of equality and social justice, special consideration for backward classes, all these elements found place in the Constitution without a single voice of dissent from the upper classes.” iv

Need to introduce sound system of basic education – “If the backward communities have neglected education it is because they had no use for it. Now that they have discovered their mistakes, it is for them to make the necessary efforts for making the leeway…As far as the assistance in the matter of education for the backward classes, I am convinced that introduction of basic education in all the states with help the backward communities to cultivate self-confidence. They will also have a better chance of succeeding in open competition and having the special advantage of mixing with people and serving them, they will prove themselves better administrators and leaders of society.”v

 ‘Services are not meant for the servants but for the service of the society as a whole’ – He also said very clearly, “I am definitely against Reservations in Government services for any community for the simple reason that services are not meant for the servants but for the service of the society as a whole. Administration must have the services of the best men available in the land and this may be found in all the communities. Reservation of post for certain backward communities would be as strange as Reservation of patients for a particular doctor. The patients are not meant to supply adequate or proportionate clientele to all the doctors, whatever be their qualifications.’ vi


Criteria of backwardness other than caste – “It would have been better, if we would determine the criteria of backwardness on principles other than caste.” (Para vii) According to him, “caste test was repugnant to democracy and the objective “to create a casteless and classless society by perpetuating and encouraging caste divisions.” (Para viii)

Kaka Kalelkar concluded that giving an additional weapon in weak hands was no remedy. The remedies the commission had suggested in its main Report were worse than the evil, they were out to combat. In his letter forwarding the Report, Kalelkar remarked, “I am definitely against Reservation in Government Services for any community for the simple reason that services are meant for the service of society as a whole.”   


Note of dissent, Paras i, iii, iv, v, vi, vii and viii, Report of First Backward Class Commission, 1955. 


September 15, 2011 - Posted by | Reservation/Affirmative action program | , , ,


  1. Free Piano

    I like this page I think only those people who loves respect and like these pages

    Trackback by Free Piano | August 29, 2014 | Reply

  2. … [Trackback]

    […] Find More Informations here: […]

    Trackback by URL | September 28, 2014 | Reply

  3. Hi there to all, for the reason that I am truly eager of reading this blog’s post to be updated regularly.
    It includes pleasant information.

    Comment by oriongadgets sync charge cable | November 24, 2014 | Reply

  4. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which
    you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to
    keep it smart. I can not wait to read much more from you.
    This is really a great site.

    Comment by japanese porcelain tetsu | December 1, 2014 | Reply

  5. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you so much, However I am encountering
    problems with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I am unable to
    subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS problems?
    Anyone that knows the solution will you kindly respond?

    Comment by micro samsung datasync | December 5, 2014 | Reply

  6. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative.

    I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if
    you continue this in future. Numerous people will
    be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    Comment by porcelain nyuhaku 5 1inches | December 7, 2014 | Reply

  7. Hi there I am so excited I found your web site, I really
    found you by accident, while I was browsing on Aol
    for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to
    say kudos for a incredible post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the moment but I have
    saved it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the
    great b.

    Comment by audio optical fiber toslink | December 9, 2014 | Reply

  8. I’ve been browsing online greater than 3 hours
    lately, yet I by no means discovered any interesting article
    like yours. It is lovely worth sufficient for me. Personally, if all web
    owners and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the net
    can be much more useful than ever before.

    Comment by birugear micro hdmi motorola | December 9, 2014 | Reply

  9. For the reason that the admin of this web site is working, no question very quickly it will be renowned,
    due to its feature contents.

    Comment by auxiliary rezound wholesale | December 12, 2014 | Reply

  10. all the time i used to read smaller posts which as well clear their motive, and
    that is also happening with this piece of writing which I
    am reading now.

    Comment by supplement milk products | December 16, 2014 | Reply

  11. Great delivery. Outstanding arguments. Keep up the amazing work.

    Comment by filter plates anchor | March 31, 2015 | Reply

  12. I think this is one of the most important info for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things,
    The web site style is ideal, the articles is really great : D.
    Good job, cheers

    Comment by internal pockets dvp fx820 | April 4, 2015 | Reply

  13. What’s up everyone, it’s my first visit at this site, and paragraph is in fact fruitful
    for me, keep up posting such articles or reviews.

    Comment by hydro elite auxiliary adapter | April 16, 2015 | Reply

  14. Hello there, I found your web site by the use of Google at
    the same time as searching for a comparable matter, your
    site came up, it seems great. I’ve bookmarked
    it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, simply was alert to your weblog via Google,
    and found that it is really informative. I am going to
    be careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate in case you continue this in future.
    A lot of folks might be benefited out of your writing.

    Comment by cats pride premium | April 16, 2015 | Reply

  15. I’m commenting to let you understand what a impressive encounter my wife’s girl found going through your blog. She came to understand numerous details, not to mention what it is like to have a marvelous helping mindset to let many others without difficulty know precisely a number of impossible subject matter. You undoubtedly surpassed our expected results. I appreciate you for coming up with those useful, trusted, informative and also fun tips on your topic to Janet.

    Comment by Moises Matusik | March 26, 2016 | Reply

  16. I truly appreciate this post. I’ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thx again

    Comment by Rosemarie Mccartan | April 10, 2016 | Reply

  17. This really is a great tip particularly to individuals a new comer to the blogosphere.
    Short but very precise information Thank you for sharing this one.
    Essential read article!

    Comment by UshaGVandorn | December 31, 2016 | Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: