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Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Secondary School education in Government schools and Teenagers

“There is no requirement of atom bombs or long range missiles.Lowering the quality of educational system, is enough to destroy any nation.”

Education for All – In India, according to Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 instruct government schools to give admission to all children above six years of age. According to described in DRTE Rules 2011, “It is to be ensured that the student gets admission in a school within 14 working days from the date of the submission of application as per neighborhood criteria.”

Connection between Secondary education and Adolescence – Special focus of Government should be on Secondary education (class VI to Class XII), when adolescent children (in the age group of 12 to 18) learn and develop their personality in negative or positive way. Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority). It is the most creative, energetic and impressive age in human life also. This is the time, when the minds of growing up children are in a formative stage. This period should be utilized to increase knowledge, understanding of growing up children and develop attitudes, which could help them to move ahead and get better adjusted to their working environment. They should be facilitated by the government’s educational system to learn, how to acquire and apply their knowledge and skills in the world of realities. Secondary School’s education should develop power of observation and thought-process, mental and moral faculties of growing-up children in a positive way. 

Secondary education, the weakest link of Indian education system – However, Secondary school education is the weakest link of Indian education system, which allows a large number of teenagers/adolescent boys and girls out of school. It is not good for their personality development of in right direction. Empty mind is devil’s workshop. To earn money by hook or crook is their basic necessity to survive. It is easier for them to adopt the wrong way. Bad company, poverty or charm of consumerist world drives them towards wrong direction.

In order to spend their spare time, a large number of teenagers join criminal world just for the sake of thrill they get, to get handsome amount of money from the local Dons. Some of them choose the path of violence, snatching, stealing etc. Other option for them is to remain poor forever and join the band of unemployable, unskilled labor-force, work as daily-wagers.

One of the root causes of increasing number of juvenile crimes is inability of the Government schools to give admissions to all adolescent children in schools. In order to earn easy money, some of them join the gangs who are busy in snatching, stealing. Some boys and girls join the world of crimes/violence.

Dependence of poor on government schools – For middle class and upper class people, there is not much of a problem, because they can spend  money to educate their children in good private/publc schools, where the fees is very high. But to educate their children, poor people solely depend on government schools.

Upper Age limit for Non-Plan Admissions in Govt. secondary schools – Admissions In government secondary schools are done –

  • Under ‘Planned Scheme’ and
  • Under non planned Scheme

Under ‘Planned Scheme’ – Under ‘Planned Scheme’, there is no problem in admission for students coming from primary feeder schools, regardless of their age or academic qualification. Remaining available seats are from standard VI to VIII are filled under non planned Scheme.

Under non planned Scheme – However, for Admission under ‘Non-Planned Scheme’, the circular issued by GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI, Directorate of Education; School Branch, Old Secretariat: Delhi-110054, No. DE.23 (363)/Sch.Br./2016/1553, Dt. 19.09.2018 fixes upper age limit criteria for admissions in government schools. Many children are announced ineligible for getting admissions in Secondary schools because of their being overage as per the circular mentioned above.

Age bar in admissions for Non-Plan admissions according to this circular – According to the above mentioned circular, appropriate age should be at the time of school admissions in primary and secondary schools on 31st March of the year 2018 is as follows –

  • Class 1  – Age 4+, but less than 5 years.
  •   ”      II –  Age 5+, but less than 6 years and so on and so forth.

 For admissions in Secondary schools –

  •   Class  VI –  10+, But less than 12 years,
  • ,   ”      VII – 11+, But less than 13 years,
  •    ”       VIII – 12+, But Less than 14 Years.

Denial of right to be admitted in Government schools under the law of ‘education to all’ –  According to this circular, school authorities are not allowed to admit an admission-seeker, even though there  are vacant seats there. Only 6 months age relaxation can be given to an overage candidate seeking admission in a government’s secondary school. But Government does not mind giving age relaxation up to 10 years at the time of recruitment in Government jobs to backward sections of society (OBC, SC & ST candidates). Is there any rationality in giving age-relaxation of only 6 months in education and when it comes to giving government-jobs and empowering weaker sections of society, the government gives them age relaxation up to 10 years?

Government Circulars like this issued from time to time denies right to education to poor, SC, & ST children in govt. schools.  Upper-age limit criteria type circulars or notifications are not good for the creation of an inclusive society for the sustainable development nation. It continuously deprives a large number of teenagers belonging to poor, rural and deprived sections of society to remain outside the regular schools. It is a ground reality that children of these sections of society start their education rather late. They are still far away from the mainstream of the nation. The creamy layer of the Scheduled castes, Scheduled tribes  and Other Backward Castes take advantage of all such protective schemes initiated by the government to uplift thousands of poor economically weak families. Quality of education also suffers, because the focus is on age of student. School authorities are instructed not to detain students till class VIII.

Provision of open schools – Open school system does not serve the purpose. It is not a viable alternative for the growing up adolescent children, still in their formative period of life. In regular schools, children remain busy throughout the day. They hardly get spare time to get trapped in bad company. Initially Open Schools were initially opened for already employed persons, desirous to increase their educational qualifications. Their busy schedule at work place does not give enough time to join regular schools.

Social issues linked with poor quality of education – Many social evils/burning problems are linked with a large number of adolescent children remaining out of school throughout the day, like –

  • Quality of education –  Along with many other measure to be taken for providing quality of education to all its future citizens, the first step is to give admissions to students in different grades or classes should be on the basis of child’s ability to understand and grasp, what is being taught and level of knowledge one’s about ‘3 R’s’.
  • Increasing number of juvenile crimes – Mostly adolescent boys and girls, who are not mature enough to take right decisions, get trapped in criminal or terrorists activities. Therefore, it is very necessary to keep them busy throughout the day in creative activities.
  • Reservations – Providing more than 50% reservations in education and government jobs stops their natural growth, doing their own efforts to stand on their own feet. Instead of making youth self-dependent, reservation makes a large number people dependent on crutches of government support forever.
  • Brain-drain – A large number of talented youth are either joining private sector helping rich to become richer or shift every year to foreign lands, in search of better working atmosphere, better career prospects and fatter salaries.
  • Problem of providing proper care, safety and security to the senior citizens, as it is difficult to manage their basic needs economically or get themselves adjusted emotionally in foreign lands.

Conclusion – Amongst all the challenges, the most crucial one is about improving the education system. Children of present day need to learn  independent thinking. Education system should not focus only on giving information and knowledge. Children of present day need to learn  independent thinking , but it also give importance to self-efforts for improving their calibre , creativity, wisdom and experience as well.  To nip negative feelings and criminal mindset right in the bud, sound system of education and training is very necessary, which could keep the minds of the growing up children occupied throughout the day.

Weaknesses of secondary school system are neither good for the sustainable development of adolescent boys and girls of the poor and deprived sections of society, who start their education late, nor for society or the nation. To improve the quality of education, first thing to do is that upper age for giving admissions in different grades or classes should be finished and admissions be done on the basis of child’s ability to understand and grasp, what is being taught and level of knowledge one’s about ‘3 R’s’.




May 22, 2018 - Posted by | Education and training of civil services, General

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