Latasinha’s Weblog

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Unification/Integration of modern India

“Harmony makes small things grow, lack of it makes great things decay” Sallust

India exhibits a fascinating picture of unity in diversity. It is one nationhaving one culture  throughout India  – from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Gujrat/Maharashtra to Bengal. Its natural geographical boundaries, a common history, social values and systems, linguistic relations and religious harmony were the factors, which unified India strongly. Hinduism has always been the religion of its majority community.

Despite Hinduism being the religion of majority, there has been co-existence of varied belief, patterns and thoughts due to racial intermixing and cultural mingling. More than anywhere else in the world, it holds a multitude of thoughts, processes them and practices them. This is the reason for its being one of the oldest, continuous and uninterrupted living culture in the whole world.

Political Unification of modern India – Except for short spells, India was not politically united till British rule was established in India. The credit of giving the shape to Independent modern India modern goes to a large extent to Sardar Patel.

When British left India, everybody in national and international arena thought that Indian States could not and would not be integrated. But Sardar Patel, as the first Home Minister of Independent India has achieved the impossible. He redrew the map of India with every such State joining the Indian Union and forming a part of the political and cultural life of the main stream.

Long-cherished dream to build a strong and consolidated India – A long-cherished dream to build a strong and consolidated India has been fulfilled after the independence. It was a miracle and a historic achievement which had no parallel in the history of world. According to Sriraj Dhrangardhra, Patel was able to unify the country with different races, languages, religions etc., which was not possible in Europe. England, Belgium, Holland, Germany are all Teutonic peoples, all speak a Low West German tongue, all are Protestant Christians. They have many more substrata of cultural identity than the religions of the Indian subcontinent.”

Patel redrew the map of India – President Rajendra Prasad wrote (in May 1959) “That there is today an India to think and talk about, is very largely due to Sardar Patel’s statesmanship and firm administration.”

Sardar’s India was greater in size than that of Samudragupta, Asoka, and Akbar and the centre wielded an authority and respect never dreamt of by these greatest of Indian rulers. Sardar Patel succeeded to achieve the merger of about 562 Princely States into The Indian Union within a short span of less than two years.

Policy of integration – On July 1947, Patel reminded the State rulers about policy for the accession of the States to Indian Union reminding them, “It was owing to the country’s politically fragmented condition and our inability to take a united stand that India succumbed to successive waves of invaders. Our mutual conflicts and internecine quarrels and jealousies have in the past been the cause of our downfall and our falling victim to foreign domination a number of times. We cannot afford to fall into these errors or traps again”. States have accepted the basic principle that for Defense, Foreign Affairs and Communications, they would come into the Indian Union.

And on 12th October 1949, Sardar declared before the Constituent Assembly, “The great ideal of geographical, political and economic unification of India, an ideal which for centuries remained a distant dream and which appeared as remote and as difficult of attainment even after the advent of Indian Independence was consummated by policy of integration.”

Electrified the whole country – Not only this, Patel had “electrified the whole country by leading the nation during Independence movement and immediately after Independence. Not only did he sought the wholeheartedly support of all the communities – Hindus, Muslims and Parsis. He also asked the women to lend support to their fathers, brothers and husbands for the sake of their children.

Views of some prominent personalities – On 5th May 1949, when G.D. Birla informed Churchill about unification of 560 and odd princely states in splendid manner, and that too, almost within a year, Churchill was surprised, “You mean, you have destroyed all the Princes.”

In 1956 Nikita Kruschev, during his visit to India as General Secretary of the CPSU along with the then Prime Minister Nikolai Bulganin, expressed his admiration for Sardar Patel’s statesmanship and rated it higher than Chancellor Bismarck’s unification of Germany! He said, “You Indians are remarkable people. How did you manage to liquidate the princely States without liquidating the Princes?”

Latasinha's Weblog

 

India was not politically united before Independence except for short spells, the natural geographical boundaries, a common history, social values and systems, linguistic relations and religious harmony were the factore, which unified India strongly. Hinduism has always been the religion of its majority community.
India exhibits a fascinating picture of unity in diversity. There is co-existence of varied belief, patterns and thoughts due to racial intermixing and cultural mingling. More than anywhere else in the world, it holds a multitude of thoughts, processes them and practices them. This is the reason for its being one of the oldest, continuous and uninterrupted living culture in the whole world.i

The factors, which keep its unity and continuity intact, are: –

Indian philosophy, Vedic literature and its value system 

Indian philosophy, contains a vast reservoir of knowledge. It is found in  Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras and Smritis. Basham says that Vedic literature contains “an…

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December 1, 2013 - Posted by | General |

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