Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Education and Training


          A little knowledge that acts is worth more than much knowledge that is inactive. … Knowledge, the object of knowledge and application of the knowledge – all the three are equally important for motivating to take a wise action. Gibran

Knowledge, skills and specialisation in present space age have been growing faster than human ability to handle it. New kinds of occupations are being continuously added to the traditional jobs of pre-industrial-society of earlier days. Different kinds of problems are coming up every day. The more the problems, better equipped the people should be to face the challenges and meet new demands of modern times.

Therefore, for sustainable development of a nation, it is necessary to impart new knowledge and new skills and to inculcate new attitudes in the youth of the nation through a well-planned and systematic arrangement of education and training. A well-planned education and training system would enable youth to contribute to and guide the social changes and development into desired direction and help the nation to achieve the goals within time and cost parameters.

Meaning of education 

Education has unfortunately been misunderstood to be usually academic or theoretical studies leading towards award of degrees. The scope of education is much broader than of training. Education connotes the process of increasing knowledge, understanding and attitudes of the candidates.

In its wider sense, education embraces reading, observation and thought. It is a continuous process. It is identified with the complete up-bringing of the individual from the childhood. Within its jurisdiction, it embraces the formation of habits, manners and character and mental- physical aptitude.

Difference between education and training

While education deals mostly with knowledge and understanding and enables people to get better adjusted to their working environment, training deals with understanding and skill. In modern times, one of the primary objectives of education is also to help youth to choose and decide their activity/career.

What is training?

 Training helps individuals to improve their performance in their particular area of work. It is primarily prepares an individual for certain lines of action, which are delineated by technology and by the organisation in which he works. It is a process, by which the attitudes, skills and abilities of trainees to perform specific jobs are increased.

Training helps individuals to acquire and apply knowledge and skills, which they do not possess, but are needed by the organisations of which they are a part.

A Role of training

Training is one of the primary means of building up competence and effectiveness of people in general all over the world. People in developing or under developed nations face difficulties due to rapidly changing and turbulent environment. Training prepares to deal with the complexities of real life – the pressures, the limited resources, the choices and uncertainties, the conflicting motives etc.

For reducing heavy demand on capital and scarce resources, skills and its application need to be inculcated in youth by proper arrangement of training.

Initial/foundation training

Initial training becomes necessary, because new-entrants, while joining work force take some time and effort to understand and adjust oneself to the environment. The purpose of  training is to prepare employees to do their jobs well and to reach to their full potential. It fills in them confidence, will and strength to do their jobs well.

Continuing system of education and training

Not only initial education and training, but also there is a need for continuing education and training, even in industrially developed nations. Its need has been felt for reducing adolescence among work-force and organisations in the face of relentless technological innovations.

Importance of training

Training, not force, promises what is essential to modern technologies and economic systems – flexibility in action through understanding and confidence, inventiveness, initiative and ability to make decisions and also respect for the contributions of others and readiness for collaboration with others. One can depend on force for action, but such an action would be short-lived. It is only training, which can lead to sustained, self-generating action.

Whether it is a developed nation or an underdeveloped or developing nation, training has always been considered necessary for an action. Training has always been a large-scale activity in India.

 Training alone?

In modern times, for sustainable development, there is a need for programmes, which may not have a direct bearing on one’s’ job, but which are calculated to develop an understanding of social and economic problems and of society and public affairs generally. Such an understanding comes through a combination of Training and Education and not training alone. A focus on training alone does not cover the necessity of modifying behaviour, attitudes and beliefs, which form part of education. Training confines itself to study of job – skills and knowledge related to a trainee’s immediate functions.

Training has always been a large-scale activity in India.


March 14, 2011 - Posted by | Education and training of civil services |

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