Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Unity in diversity


Ambedkar has once expressed the doubt, “How can people divided into several thousands of castes be a nation?” The answer lies in the way, the system has worked so far. In ancient India, all castes were interdependent for their day to day living. Their working together made it possible to reach upto a high level of specialization in different area. In medieval and modern India, for centuries caste-system worked as a shield  and saved the identity of its main cuture known as Hinduism  under foreign rule. In modern India, the unity of people of all castes led to the success of National movement and attained the freedom of the nation. Without the unity of all its castes having perplexing diversities in geography, language, race and culture, it would not have been possible.

Though diversities have united and divided the nation simultaneously, diversity usually makes divide easier. There have been periods of discord, but the forces of unity have always been stronger than the divisive forces. Whenever the main culture of the land became weak, especially under foreign rules, it re-emerged every time, and whenever it re-emerged, it did not destroy other sects. It assimilated them within itself. It never tried to liquidate or absorb them, artificially, into one main culture of the land. Instead, it absorbed the good points of other cultures and allowed them to flourish and contribute in enriching the composite culture of India.

In its long process of evolution, it has assimilated numerous multi-ethnic migrant identities into its fold. Each identity has been carefully nurtured and preserved. Each one has been allowed to preserve its distinct dialects, beliefs, and values, customs and traditions, which are intact even today.  For centuries, people of different ethnic, religious, castes, linguistic and regional identities have lived together and presented a mosaic culture. It presents a fascinating picture of unity amidst diversity, cultural richness, largeness of area and huge population. That is why Indian culture is one of the oldest alive civilizations of the world and India occupies a special place in the global society.  

Present trend of giving continued importance to diversities especially of caste, community, region, language by present-day political parties for electoral purposes has given rise to feeling of ‘others’ . It has become more prominent than the feeling of fraternity. As Ambedkar has said “without fraternity, equality and liberty will be no deeper than coats of paint”. Such a development is clearly far from meeting the fraternity standards set by Ambedkar.  

The spirit of tolerance, firm belief in the principle, ‘Live and let live’, pride in heritage and value system based on the principles of Dharma, Karma and Varna. These principles have contributed to the growth of the Indian society as a whole in a systematic way. These basic tenets have kept unity and continuity intact. In the past, it organized orderly performance of various functions needed to provide a quality of life to its people. It prepared an atmosphere for co-existence of different sections of the society – be it ruler or ruled, be it rich or poor. At present also, despite all the adversities, common men belonging to almost all the castes still have faith in Indian philosophy, its basic tenets and culture. It still commands the respect and attention of an average Indian and serves to give the society, coherence, stability and continuity and holds together different castes and communities having diverse languages and practices – thus making unity in diversity a reality. C. Rajgopalachari said, “If there is honesty in India today, any hospitality, any charity…. any aversion to evil, any love to be good, it is due to whatever remains of the old faith and the old culture”.   


January 12, 2010 - Posted by | Social and political values and systems |


  1. I think this is one of the most significant information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some general
    things, The site style is perfect, the articles is really nice : D.
    Good job, cheers

    Comment by giftware little rascals | December 13, 2014 | Reply

  2. This post is worth everyone’s attention. When can I find out more?

    Comment by atlanta skyline georgia | December 18, 2014 | Reply

  3. Greetings from Colorado! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone
    during lunch break. I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, amazing blog!

    Comment by synthetic reading glasses | March 30, 2015 | Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: