Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Iniquitous society in India


Quite often, it is alleged that Indian social-structure as largely immobile, caste-ridden, segmented and compartmentalized; interaction and integration being either low or non-existent. The society is divided into two broad divisions- haves and have nots i.e. Mostly, a few persons from upper class having money and muscle power, irrespective of caste or creed, get all the privileges, security and honour plus holds on national resources, They are the people who taste fruits of development.

On the other hand, large number of underprivileged people belonging to lower strata of the society become victim of exploitation, oppression, denigration, want, deprivation and anxiety. So far, the fruits of development have not reached to the have-notsdespite numerous laws enacted and several development programs initiated by the successive government since Independence. It still suffers at the hands of the powerful lobby of Indian society. A number of legislation have been passed to remove the disabilities of under-privileged people. Untouchability has been declared a crime. Bonded labour is abolished by law. Civil Rights Act, 1955, aims to eliminate injustice against weaker sections. Amendment to Prevention of Atrocities Act (SCT) 1989 provides for stern punishments for offences committed against SCT by Upper Castes. Special Courts, under SCT Act, have been established for punishing officials, if found guilty.

But the Government has been, so far, proved to be ineffective in implementing these legislation to deal with social injustice effectively. The Indian bureaucracy has been ranked the least efficient by a business survey of 12 Asian economies done in 2007 and Singapore civil servants being the most efficient among their Asian peers (Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, S. Korea,Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Phillipines, Indonesia and India – in order of ranking). Indian civil servants are a power centre in their own right – -whether it is at municipal, state or central level. Corruption has become endemic. There is a feeling of fear and despondency deep in the minds and hearts of common men. The perpetrators are from the echelons of authority. From the time an offence is committed against an ordinary citizen, everything is loaded against him. The police is hostile towards them and the courts are insensitive.

For efficient governance and effective implementation of development plans, it is essential to restore the credibility of the Civl Services. Checks and balances at every stage must be ensured to prevent corruption and arbitrary attitude of authorities. And multi-layers in bureaucracy which dilute the efforts and causes unnecessary delays in implementing the policies, should be minimised.


June 4, 2009 - Posted by | Uncategorized |

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